Important Information On Scientific Research and History Scholarships in The U.S.

In the Age of Information, we have the answers to virtually any question at our fingertips. With the tap of a finger, we have access to more information at much faster speeds than at any other time in history. The downside, however, is that not all that information is the source of proper scientific research. What does constitute as proper scientific research, though?

In order for research to be considered proper scientific research, it has to follow the 8 steps of scientific research as defined by Aristotle. In addition, credible scientists who specialize in the field in question must also conduct it. It must also be tested and verified more than once; running an experiment once and calling it research isn’t enough! But why is this form of research important?

Knowledge

The base importance is of course, increasing our knowledge. Better understanding of things and looking at historical data (HistoryDegree.net allows you to learn how you can dig into past data and leverage it for future research)  lead to breakthroughs and discoveries that can help benefit the entire planet. Scientific and historical research is especially important here because jumping to conclusions based on haphazard research, or unsupported conjecture can actually do more harm to people than good.

Identifying Fake “Science”

From flat Earthers to anti-vaccers, we are plagued on all sides by people who are using either misinformation or information being spread by people who don’t specialize in the fields in question (and often times seem to have a poor understanding of the field). Proper scientific research generates the data that’s needed to help protect people from the misinformation being spread today.

Planning For The Future

One key element in scientific research is studying the effects of said research and discoveries. This means that responsibility is taken for the results of the research. Why is this important? Because scientific ethics should not stop at “can we”, but should extend to “should we”. Proper scientific research helps guide scientist in determining what next steps should be taken to benefit the world as a whole.

What practical applications have you found for scientific research in your life? It can be as simple as the step-by-step experimentation to getting the perfect ratio of ingredients for the perfect cookie, to the careful research done to determine the best way to get stains out of a shirt. Let us know!

The REAL Paleo Diet: Science Reveals What The World’s Oldest Mummy Had As A Last Meal

There are a lot of health fads today, and one such health fad is the so-called Paleo diet, which pushes for a low fat diet based on food that can be hunted or gathered. But is that really the way people used to eat in ancient times? A scientific analysis of The Iceman, the world’s oldest mummy, suggests that our ideas of what people ate back in those days may be somewhat off the mark.

Ötzi, the oldest natural mummy, discovered back in 1991 by tourists in the East Italian Almps, is believed to have lived around 5,300 years ago. Recently, researchers were able to locate his stomach and analyze its contents. Here’s what they found in his stomach:

meat

Lots of Meat

As a hunter-gatherer, it was expected that his diet would be high in meat. Most likely to be dried Ibex meat (probably a lot like beef jerky), this was believed to be a staple food source for hunter-gatherers. Drying the meat extended its lifespan and enhanced its flavor. Ibex should have been common and relatively easy to hunt as well, making it an ideal staple for the time period.

Cereals

Not breakfast cereals, of course, but rather einkorn, an ancient form of wheat. Higher in protein than most other wheat, einkorn is more filling. It also has a lot of other nutrients making it a solid food choice, especially for the highly active people of the time. Capable of surviving on poor, dry soil, it would have been an ideal food source for people before agriculture had become a proper science.

fats

Lots of Fat

That’s right. Fat, and lots of it. Fat is an excellent energy source for highly active people and the cold weather conditions of the Alps mean that the body would be burning lots of energy in order to keep warm. In this case, a high-fat diet would make a lot of sense, especially in the winter months, when more energy is needed and food is scarce.

Traces of Bracken

Bracken, a species of fern, can be poisonous if ingested in large doses. The presence of the Bracken in the stomach is rather odd, especially since it wasn’t determined to be the cause of death. At this point, its presence is purely speculation. One theory is that the leaves were used to wrap the food the Iceman had with him. Other theories suggest that the small amounts were ingested to help kill stomach parasites and cure indigestion.

What do you think of the Iceman’s diet? Do you think it’s a diet you’d consider trying?

Winning At The Game Of Life: How Sports May Have Helped Humans Survive In Ancient Times

Sports have always been a very popular part of human culture. From the NBA playoffs to the FIFA World Cup, humanity has always been heavily invested in sports. Athletes are treated as major celebrities, with kids and even adults aspiring to be like them. We buy their merchandise, and we buy the products we endorse. Science suggests that this hero worship extended all the way back to ancient times. Why though?

Sports Were For Training Survival Skills

Scientists believe that in ancient times, sports may have originated as a way to train kids in survival skills. Running, hiding and seeking, hitting targets, and other games that would become the foundation of sports were all skills that they would need as adults. This means that the best at those games were also likely to be the most successful as adults. This may have lead to their more prominent status among their peers.

Sports Encouraged Teamwork

One of the greatest strengths humans had back in the ancient times, along with the use of tools, was the ability to work as a social group. This allowed the otherwise frail humans to survive a harsh world full of predators and prey animals that were significantly larger and fiercer. Those who could work best together in the games were also more likely to be effective hunters and soldiers.

Steel Sharpens Steel

Competitive sports encourage us to be better in order to move to the top of the rankings. The same goes for ancient times. Through sports, soldiers and hunters had a field in which to compete with each other, improving their skills and camaraderie, that didn’t put their lives at risk the same way actual battles or hunts could. This meant that the top athletes were most often the best of the best.

It Kept People Happy

One of the biggest problems early civilization had was that the more people you have in one place, the greater the chance you’ll have conflict between the residents. This was a threat to fledgling civilizations that were significantly larger than the tribes and camps that came before. Sporting events helped bring the people of the fledgling cities together to celebrate their athletes and heroes.

These are just some of the reasons that show why we revere our athletes today. As the paragons of ancient society, athletes represented the best of us. Is it any wonder we still treat them like celebrities today?